ruins of the most ancient city
2003, during some excavations in the Regio
VI, at north of the buried city, has come to light some ruins
of the most ancient Pompeii. It has
been found a well preserved housing installation of the III
century B.C., with some of the most ancient paintings in Italy,
traces of boundaries and foundations datable to the VI
the recoveries, are well visible the three levels of flooring
of the buildings brought to the light; they constitute an unpublished
picture of the city, in the period between the Samnite
wars and the Punic wars:
an important historical phase, till now not well documented.
From the indications by
this recovery it is inferred that Pompeii
was a big center also in ancient time, when it was under the influence
of the Etruscans. Although it
constitutes the example for excellence of the imperial
Roman city, it really represents substantially a Hellenistic
– Republican city, remodelled during the first century of
the Empire; in fact, the urbanistic plant, the boundaries and most part
of the public buildings go up to an period between the III
and the I century B.C..
The destruction due to
the eruption of the Vesuvius, on 79
A.D. prevented that to such a structure were introduced the
transformations that the other cities of ancient Italy
suffered, as the same Rome.
the results of these excavations, therefore, it is shown that the
urbanistic structure and housebuilding of Pompeii,
that remained practically the same up to the end of the city, are the
ones realized around the 300 B.C.,
when the southern Campania entered
definitely in the orbit of Rome.